# Paï¿½a Kï¿½lï¿½cï¿½

Paï¿½a Kï¿½lï¿½cï¿½, Peygamber Kï¿½lï¿½cï¿½, Sansevieria ve daha bir sï¿½rï¿½ ï¿½ey. Bu kadar ï¿½ok isminin olmasï¿½nï¿½n hakkï¿½nï¿½ veren bitkilerden, faydasï¿½ saymakla bitmeyenlerden... Geï¿½tiï¿½imiz yï¿½llarda 'Sansevieria Bakï¿½mï¿½' baï¿½lï¿½ï¿½ï¿½yla yazdï¿½ï¿½ï¿½mï¿½z blog yazï¿½mï¿½zdan sonra daha paylaï¿½acak ï¿½ok bilgi olduï¿½unu gï¿½rï¿½p bu defa da Paï¿½a Kï¿½lï¿½cï¿½ adï¿½yla size tanï¿½tmak istedik. Bakalï¿½m, bir sonraki yazï¿½mï¿½zda da yeni bilgiler eï¿½liï¿½inde Peygamber Kï¿½lï¿½cï¿½ baï¿½lï¿½ï¿½ï¿½yla yayï¿½nlarï¿½z belli mi olur :)

Haydi fazla uzatmayalï¿½m bilgilere geï¿½elim.

ï¿½ncelikle Paï¿½a Kï¿½lï¿½cï¿½nï¿½n faydalarï¿½ndan bir bahsedelim. Bu bitkinin de NASA bitkilerinden bir tanesi olduï¿½unu hatï¿½rlatmakla baï¿½layalï¿½m istiyoruz. Neydi bu NASA bitkileri diyecek olursanï¿½z, ï¿½nceki blog yazï¿½larï¿½mï¿½zï¿½ okumayï¿½ unutmayï¿½n :) ama kï¿½saca bahsedecek olursak da yaptï¿½klarï¿½ bir araï¿½tï¿½rma kapsamï¿½nda, 1989 yï¿½lï¿½nda yayï¿½nladï¿½klarï¿½ 'Temiz Hava ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½masï¿½'nda yer alan bazï¿½ bitkilerin ksilen, benzen, formaldehit, trikloroetilen gibi kimyasallarï¿½ temizlemede etkili olduï¿½unu kanï¿½tlamï¿½ï¿½tï¿½r.

Bu gï¿½zel ve ï¿½zel bitkimiz de havayï¿½ temizlemekle kalmï¿½yor, gece boyunca diï¿½er tï¿½m bitkilerin aksine oksijen salgï¿½lï¿½yor, karbondioksiti ise kendisine saklï¿½yor.

Peki bu bitkimiz aslen nerelidir, hangi topraklarda yaï¿½ar? Batï¿½ Afrika'nï¿½n tropik kesimlerine ï¿½zgï¿½dï¿½r. O kï¿½ltï¿½rï¿½n ï¿½nemli bir parï¿½asï¿½dï¿½r hatta. Bir nevi bizdeki gibi bir nazardan kendilerini koruduï¿½una inanï¿½rlar. Bir farkla, kï¿½tï¿½ bakï¿½ï¿½larï¿½yla insanlarï¿½ lanetleyen varlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½n nazarï¿½ndan kurtulmak iï¿½in bir ritï¿½el dï¿½zenlerler ve bitkiyi orada kullanï¿½lï¿½rlar.

Bizde ise bu bitkiyle ilgili inanï¿½ï¿½ daha farklï¿½. Baktï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nï¿½z sï¿½re boyunca bitkinizin boyu 1 metreyi geï¿½erse hane sahibi olacaï¿½ï¿½nï¿½za dair bir inanï¿½ï¿½ var. Paï¿½a Kï¿½lï¿½cï¿½nï¿½n ï¿½ok hï¿½zlï¿½ bï¿½yï¿½dï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nï¿½ sï¿½ylesek peki? :)

Gelelim bakï¿½mï¿½na dair detaylara...

ï¿½ncelikle oldukï¿½a dayanï¿½klï¿½ bir bitki olduï¿½u bilgisini verelim. ï¿½ster gï¿½neï¿½ ister gï¿½lge olsun, susuz da kalsa, hava akï¿½mï¿½na da maruz kalsa hiï¿½ farketmiyor onun iï¿½in. Onu tek bir ï¿½ekilde ï¿½ldï¿½rebilirsiniz, fazla sulayarak. Her ï¿½eyin azï¿½ karar ï¿½oï¿½u zarar tabiri Paï¿½a Kï¿½lï¿½cï¿½ iï¿½in sï¿½ylenmiï¿½ gibi.

Kuraklï¿½ï¿½a ï¿½ok dayanï¿½klï¿½ olan Paï¿½a Kï¿½lï¿½cï¿½nï¿½n yapraklarï¿½ tï¿½pkï¿½ bir sukulent gibi fazla suyu depolar ve ihtiyaï¿½ halinde kullanï¿½r. Yapraklarï¿½nï¿½n dekoratif olmasï¿½ sebebiyle modasï¿½ hiï¿½ geï¿½meyecek bir sï¿½s bitkisidir. Bu durumda yaprak gï¿½zelliï¿½ini korumak adï¿½na dikkat etmeniz gereken ï¿½eyler olacak. Belirttiï¿½imiz gibi susuzluï¿½a oldukï¿½a dayanï¿½klï¿½ bu sebeple toprak gerï¿½ekten ï¿½ok kurudukï¿½a su vermeniz yeterli. Ancak ï¿½ok soï¿½uklara karï¿½ï¿½ dayanï¿½klï¿½lï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ yoktur. 9-10 dereceden daha serin bir yerde bu bitkiye bakmak ona zarar verir.

ï¿½ok az ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½k alan yerlere adapte olabilse de ne kadar gï¿½n ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ alï¿½rsa yapraklarï¿½ o kadar gï¿½ï¿½lï¿½ ve gï¿½zel olur. Aynï¿½ zamanda yeterli ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½k alamadï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ zaman yeterli miktarda fotosentezde yapamaz. Hï¿½zlï¿½ bï¿½yï¿½yebilmesi iï¿½in iyi bir gï¿½neï¿½ ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ ile birlikte havadar bir ortam onun iï¿½in harika bir ortam olur.

Nï¿½tr veya hafif alkali topraklarï¿½ sever. Gï¿½zel ve dikkat ï¿½ekici yapraklarï¿½ oldukï¿½a bï¿½yï¿½k ve aï¿½ï¿½rdï¿½r bu sebeple topraï¿½ï¿½ iyice sï¿½kï¿½ï¿½tï¿½rmak gerekir. Hmmmm kï¿½klerinin de ï¿½ï¿½rï¿½memesi iï¿½in topraï¿½ï¿½n havadar olmasï¿½ gerekmiyor muydu, ï¿½imdi nasï¿½l sï¿½kï¿½ï¿½tï¿½racaï¿½ï¿½z? sorusunun cevabï¿½ ise basit. Lifli toprak kullanï¿½rsanï¿½z hiï¿½ sorun yaï¿½amazsï¿½nï¿½z ama diyelim ki genel kullanï¿½ma uygun hazï¿½r topraklardan tercih ettiniz, o halde ponza taï¿½ï¿½ ile topraï¿½ï¿½ karï¿½ï¿½tï¿½rï¿½yoruz. Ve sorun ï¿½ï¿½zï¿½lï¿½yor.

Paï¿½a Kï¿½lï¿½cï¿½nï¿½z iï¿½in en mï¿½kemmel toprak karï¿½ï¿½mï¿½nï¿½ ise aï¿½aï¿½ï¿½da belirtiyoruz;

5 ï¿½lï¿½ï¿½ toprak(doï¿½al humuslu gerï¿½ek toprak) + 1 ï¿½lï¿½ï¿½ kuvars kumu + 1 ï¿½lï¿½ï¿½ ince taneli ponza taï¿½ï¿½

Topraktan bahsettik peki ya saksï¿½ tercihi ve deï¿½iï¿½imi nasï¿½l olmalï¿½? Paï¿½a Kï¿½lï¿½cï¿½ fazla bï¿½yï¿½k saksï¿½da ve fazla toprakta iyi bir geliï¿½im gï¿½steremez ya da kï¿½klerinin ï¿½ï¿½rï¿½mesi kaï¿½ï¿½nï¿½lmaz olur. Bu sebeple en ideali ï¿½ok derin olmayan daha yayvan saksï¿½lardï¿½r. Eï¿½er saksï¿½yï¿½ derin kullanacaksanï¿½z da topraï¿½ï¿½ ï¿½ok fazla koymayï¿½n, rizomlarï¿½ toprakla kapansï¿½n yeterli. Paï¿½a Kï¿½lï¿½cï¿½nï¿½n ï¿½ok hï¿½zlï¿½ bï¿½yï¿½dï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nï¿½ sï¿½ylemiï¿½tik bu sebeple her yï¿½l saksï¿½sï¿½nï¿½ deï¿½iï¿½tirmeniz bu geliï¿½imine katkï¿½ saï¿½layacaktï¿½r. En ideal dï¿½nem Nisan-Mayï¿½s aylarï¿½dï¿½r.

Son olarak nasï¿½l ï¿½oï¿½altabileceï¿½inize dair bilgileri de paylaï¿½arak yazï¿½mï¿½zï¿½ sonlandï¿½rï¿½yoruz. En kolayï¿½ yaprak ï¿½eliï¿½i ile ï¿½oï¿½altmaktï¿½r. Nasï¿½l mï¿½? Tek bir yaprakla ï¿½oï¿½altmak iï¿½in tercih etmeniz gereken yaprak uzunluï¿½u minimum 15 cm olmalï¿½dï¿½r. Diyelim ki elinizdeki yapraï¿½ï¿½n boyu ï¿½ok daha uzun, o zaman yine her biri en az 15 cm olacak ï¿½ekilde parï¿½alara ayï¿½rabilirsiniz. Aldï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nï¿½z bu yaprak ï¿½eliklerini dikeceï¿½iniz topraï¿½ï¿½n kireï¿½ taï¿½ï¿½, kum ve doï¿½al humuslu topraktan oluï¿½an bir karï¿½ï¿½ï¿½m olmasï¿½ gerekiyor. Kï¿½klendirme aï¿½amasï¿½nda ise hazï¿½rladï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nï¿½z bu karï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ma 5-6 cmlik kï¿½smï¿½ topraï¿½ï¿½n altï¿½nda kalacak ï¿½ekilde dikmeniz, geri kalan kï¿½sï¿½mlar iï¿½inse hazï¿½r poï¿½et toprak kullanmanï¿½z yeterli olacaktï¿½r. Topraï¿½ï¿½n ï¿½st yï¿½zeyi kurudukï¿½a su verin, 2-3 ay gibi bir sï¿½rede kï¿½k verdiï¿½ini gï¿½receksiniz.

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